L’entrainement en altitude est utilisé depuis 40 ans dans les sports d’endurance. Les sports collectifs ont essayé avec plus ou moins de succès de copier les méthodes existantes (par exemple, séjourner à Tignes ou à Font-Romeu) sans véritables succès. 

Tirés des travaux les plus pointus en physiologie de l’exercice, des perspectives différentes apparaissent. Il ne s’agit plus uniquement d’améliorer le transport de l’oxygène mais de permettre au muscle de mieux sup- porter la fatigue lors de sprints répétés, la qualité physique optimale pour les footballeurs, rugbymen ou tennismen.

Dans cet ouvrage, nous détaillons ce qui détermine la capacité à répéter des sprints et comment l’améliorer. Nous décrivons une méthodologie d’entrainement combinant plusieurs méthodes hypoxiques, déjà utilisée avec succès par des joueurs professionnels. 


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The main objective of the Altitude Training and Team Sports conference held on 24–25 March 2013 in Doha, Qatar was to present cutting-edge research on the basic and applied aspects of altitude training. The conference featured over 25 presentations and hosted a total of 120 participants including athletes, coaches, sport scientists and a panel of world experts interested in the practical application of altitude training to enhance match-related performance in team sports. This event included discus- sions about the neuromuscular, metabolic and cardiovascular adaptations that occur in response to exercise and training in hypoxic environments. Strategies for developing peak performance and optimising the ‘altitude dose’ have been reviewed. Furthermore, eight young scientists have been invited to present their new research on the effects of chronic exposure to altitude on match-related performance in team-sport athletes. How elite coaching teams can incorporate the new evidence has also been discussed. Finally, a round-table meeting in which the panellists engaged in focused discussions resulted in a position statement paper with the aim of providing practical recommendations for coaching teams. This targeted issue of the British Journal of Sports Medicine highlights some key issues raised during the debates.